Natural Born Kessler

    Back to My Reel-to Reel-Roots, Part 10

    Issue 158

    In which Ken Kessler makes a discovery linked to his dad.

    Only the churlish would deny that there’s an element of nostalgia in the Reel-to-Reel Revival, however much the inescapably superior sound quality motivates us to return to a costly, inconvenient, niche format. And while I admit that it was nostalgia rather than sonic merit which led me to buying five ostensibly useless tapes, a recent incident in a record store also informed the experience. It reminded me how quickly things are forgotten, like mimeographs and fax machines.

    What happened was almost as much a shock about the passage of time as those YouTube clips in which someone hands a cassette to a child or Gen Z-er and they have no idea what it is. I dropped into the relocated HMV store in Canterbury, part of what was the UK’s biggest chain of record shops, which has been downsizing post-pandemic. As it turned out, the smaller store was much nicer than the old one, and – hot damn! – did they have a superb vinyl selection!

    As is the staff’s wont, a hipster-ish twenty- or thirty-something approached me to ask if I was able to find what I was looking for, totally helpful and with not a hint of derision on espying a septuagenarian in the store. I told him I was OK, but could he answer one question for me: Is the Vinyl Revolution sustaining itself, or was it a flash-in-the-pan, a mere marketing myth?

    “No, sir – it’s doing really well. But it is not without problems.”

    “How so?” I asked.

    “We get a lot of customers coming back saying their records won’t play. So, we look at them and they’re scratched to hell, covered in food, liquids, whatever. They think they’re like CDs, and that you can wipe ’em off.”

    What this reminded me of were the myriad expletives I’ve uttered upon curating tapes which were owned by idiots. Some of you will say that’s not fair, but I must express my dismay at the treatment of tapes which always cost more than LPs, and the users I’m cursing do not have the passage of time as an excuse: they owned them from new. As for the “kids” turning up in record stores with ruined LPs, they simply didn’t know any better because they never experienced vinyl records, or perhaps their parents might have been just as innocent – not a stretch when you consider that CD has been with us for 39 years.

    I’ll save the catalogue of tape horrors for another column, but I wanted to use the ignorance of vinyl etiquette as an indicator of my own unawareness of certain open-reel-tape-related matters, and not just the host of unfamiliar labels or artists. This latest revelation came about because of a logo, which caused me to swiftly post a high bid on eBay to secure a pile of tapes, which included five from Voice of Music.

    Blame my father for this. He owned a Voice of Music 700 half-track mono all-tube deck (which you can observe him using in Part One of this series, in Issue 146). I hadn’t seen it since the late 1960s, and have no idea what became of it, but I remember it as vividly as our Electrolux vacuum cleaner. The manufacturer is long gone, but it’s supported by a website worth visiting if you’re fascinated by brands lost in the mists of time. (https://www.thevoiceofmusic.com)

    When the pile of 5-inch-spool tapes appeared on eBay, among them five with “The Voice of Music” emblazoned on their covers and the burned-into-my-memory-banks V-over-M logo and – more enticingly – four with the legend “The Voice of Music Stereo Tape Library” and one a demo tape with “Not For Resale” on the back, I couldn’t stop myself. By this stage in my return to open-reel tape, I had acquired demonstration tapes and samplers from RadioShack, Ampex, Bel Canto, Capitol, Columbia, and other record labels or hardware manufacturers, tapes with Tandberg’s participation, etc., so why not Voice of Music?

     

     

    How the Voice of Music tapes will appear on KK's shelves.

    How the Voice of Music tapes will appear on KK’s shelves.

     

    Before playing them, I went through the usual procedure with each one of adding leader tape, fast-forwarding the tape, adding a tail and returning it to its spool in the speed at which it would play. All were 7-1/2 ips 1/2-track tapes, but – unlike LPs and yet unfortunately a condition all-too-common with open-reel-tapes – there were no dates to reveal their vintage.

    I started with the sampler, titled Pleasure’s New Sound, with the tempting subtitle, “A Thrilling Demonstration of Stereophonic Sound.” The recordings included spoken introductions and sound effects, with music ranging from easy listening to a taste of Tchaikovsky’s 1812 Overture.

    Because I’m anally-retentive, a completist who must own everything by an artist or author, I was dismayed to find that the other four comprised Volumes 1, 2, 4, and 5 of the aforementioned Voice of Music Stereo Tape Library. As Voice of Music’s otherwise-comprehensive website doesn’t yet carry a list of the titles that were issued (and I saw one or two more online), I have no idea what the missing Vol. 3 contains. [Note: I am now in contact with the website, and will report back if a list is forthcoming.]

    As for the other four, Vol. 1 is titled Silk Satin & Strings, performed by Wayne Robinson and His Orchestra, with standards such as “Jalousie” and “From This Moment On.” Vol. 2, Big Beat With Mike, gives us Mike Simpson and His Big Band delivering “Cherokee,” “Take the ‘A’ Train” and others. The Musical Arts Symphony Orchestra conducted by Leonard Sorkin performs on Vol. 4, Symphony of Dance, with compositions from Bizet, Rimsky-Korsakov, Glière, and Sibelius. Lastly, Vol. 5, Christmas In Stereo, finds Sorkin again, this time conducting the John Halloran Chorus and the Sorkin Strings, with five seasonal selections.

    So far, so good. The boxes were intact, the tapes properly spooled and playing through without snapping when I gave them their initial cleaning. Time to sit down and listen. Feverishly, I threaded the demonstration tape onto my TASCAM 22-2 1/2-track deck. The sound was nothing short of spectacular, as good as the early Jackie Gleason tapes on Capitol, or any of the other 1/2-track 7-1/2 ips in my experience. “Dazzling” doesn’t begin to describe the clarity, fidelity, transient attack or spatial concerns. But something was seriously amiss.

    Way back when – 1973 to be precise – Sony or someone else promoting quadraphonic sound issued a 4-channel open-reel demo tape to stores which featured two marching bands fighting each other, performing different material, one band in the front channels, the other in the rear, all the better to convey the surround experience. I was working in a store in Bangor, Maine, and we played it enough times to tire of it, the problem being the disparity in two competing bands, an issue that had nothing to do with truly discrete four-channel sound via a 4-track tape deck, because quadrophonic sound worked perfectly in that format, however much it failed on when “matrixed” onto an LP.

    What reminded me of this battle of the bands, and how their disparate performances were so confusing, was a time lag between the right and left channels on the Voice of Music tapes. I thought I had a pretty good handle on open-reel terminology, and knew that “stacked heads” were the same as “in-line heads” or that 4-track and 1/4-track aren’t the same thing. But nobody told me about “offset” or “staggered” heads. Those of you familiar with the format, please bear with me and try not to laugh.

    Of course, a quick Google revealed all, how staggered or offset heads formed a short-lived, early stereo format. Prior to the arrival of conventional (a.k.a. stacked or inline) stereo heads, machines could be converted from 2-track mono layouts (like my dad’s 700) to stereo with a second “staggered” head installed next to the original mono head. These addressed the lower half, or track of the tape. They were not, however, aligned in time.

    What I was hearing from the Voice of Music tapes via my TASCAM was the 0.167 ms delay between one channel and the next, and it was just enough to drive the listener crazy, like watching a DVD or Blu-ray with slightly out-of-sync dialogue. It was breaking my heart, because – delayed channel notwithstanding – the sound was breathtaking. The bad news was the scarcity of machines from (roughly) 1954 – 1957. But even if I was predisposed toward finding one, it would have been a waste of money. Seriously: Why would anyone buy a tape deck just to play five tapes?

    But God bless the advice of the tape geeks! One solution is to record the tapes onto one’s computer and sort out the channel delay with software. Even better was an example of lateral-thinking, which suggested playing them on an Otari MX-5050 and monitoring one channel from the playback head and one from the record monitor head. Apparently, the spacing is precisely the same as those on a deck with offset heads.

    Either that, or find myself a Voice of Music 714.

     

    Voice of Music Model 714 tape recorder control panel showing its "Staggered/Stacked" switch. From Reel-Reel.com.

    Voice of Music Model 714 tape recorder control panel showing its “Staggered/Stacked” switch. From Reel-Reel.com.

    2 comments on “Back to My Reel-to Reel-Roots, Part 10”

    1. Much to my delight, the issue you brought up with your VoM tapes and solutions proposed brought to mind something that endeared me early on to the magic of open reel recording technology. Born in 1960, I have always been enamored with reel-to-reel equipment, thanks to my father. Super-8 home movies of me threading and operating his equipment at the age of 3 years old bear this fact out!

      As a teen in the late 1970’s, I worked for an appliance and stereo chain in Columbus, OH selling audio equipment. One of my fondest memories was using a Pioneer RT-909 at the store to make recordings of LPs such as Supertramp’s “Breakfast in America,” Styx’s “The Grand Illusion” or “Crystal Ball,” among a number of other candidates I deemed worthy of the treatment I am about to describe.

      During the recording I would monitor the source on one channel and the recording from the tape on the other channel. I captured this resulting out-of-sync version to the highest quality Maxell UDXL-II or metal tape formulation, and I would enjoy these cassettes over and over in my car stereo – which is another story. But for a kid of about 18 years old, this was something really cool and the genesis of my interest in recording engineering and the employment of effects in music. I even had customers beg me to part with copies, which I never did. I still have a couple of these cassettes!

      This is not the only memory to resonate with me in your series, Mr. Kessler. I would just like to say thank you for taking time to share your experiences.

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