Midrange drivers

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First, a quick note that John Darko published a terrific, insightful and informative review of DirectStream Junior. Now, on to speakers and crossovers. We've covered how tweeters and woofers get their sound isolated for proper operation in a 2-way loudspeaker. The crossover separates highs from lows and sends the signal to the correct driver. Tweeters use a single capacitor in what is known as a highpass filter (all the highs pass through). Woofers use a coil and a capacitor in what is called a lowpass filter (you can guess that one easily enough). But what magic takes place when we move to a 3-way loudspeaker with a tweeter, midrange, and woofer? This type of filter is known as a bandpass because only a narrow band of frequencies pass through. How is that done? By combining the first two filters we learned about, the lowpass and the highpass (the woofer and tweeter filters), into a single filter for the midrange. If you think about it, it's a pretty obvious solution. We don't want our midrange driver reproducing bass or treble - so we roll off the bass as well as the treble and leave a hole in the middle which we call midrange. Most midrange drivers more closely resemble large tweeters than small woofers. ScanSpeak Midrange dome This is a picture of a SanSpeak 3" midrange dome, for example.
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Paul McGowan

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