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    London “Decca” Cartridges: Unique Design, Timeless Quality

    Issue 135

    Decca cartridges are unique transducers with quite a bit of interesting history behind them, starring with the Decca company itself. From their 1929 beginnings as a British record company and gramophone (phonograph) manufacturer, the company later contributed to the 1940s war effort by developing radar and marine navigation systems. Decca produced records in both Europe and North America and quickly became the second-largest record label in the world, known for technical innovation and advanced recording techniques.

    My vintage 1960 copy of the soundtrack album from Spartacus (the original, with Kirk Douglas) is a fine example of their work. The record is impeccable in every way, starting with the jacket and inner booklet. The vinyl record itself is quiet with outstanding dynamics that ebb and flow effortlessly, a lush, silken tonal quality, great soundstage depth, and fine detail with no etchiness in the sound whatsoever. (Decca Records is now part of the Universal Music Group.)

     

    Mythological: the Spartacus soundtrack and the London Decca Super Gold cartridge.

    Mythological: the Spartacus soundtrack and the London “Decca” Super Gold cartridge.

     

    This is just a small bit of the colorful history of the Decca company, and if you find the subject interesting I suggest you read some of the many online articles about Decca. Even the origin of the Decca name may surprise you. It is the word “Mecca” with the initial “D” from their trademarked 1914 “Dulcetphone” replacing the M. It was also chosen because “Decca” was found to be easy to pronounce in most languages.

     

    Inner workings of a London "Decca" cartridge.

    Inner workings of a London “Decca” cartridge.

     

    The Decca cartridge design is as interesting and unique as the company itself. It uses a “positive scanning system” generator design that is comprised of a piece of metal foil with the stylus mounted directly to it. This eliminates a conventional cantilever (and a sonic effect the company called “cantilever haze”) resulting in the shortest possible path from record to electrical signal.  Along with the singular design and the sonic qualities of this cartridge, with its reputation for unrivaled musicality, also came a reputation for having many compromises, such as being unforgiving of dirty record and tracking abilities that fell well behind conventional moving magnet and moving coil designs.

    Fast forward several decades and Decca is no longer in the business of manufacturing phono cartridges, the company having been sold in 1989. The cartridge design was licensed to Decca engineer John Wright, a license that is still in effect today. Now sold under the London brand name, “Decca” is often unofficially inserted into product description as the new manufacturer does not have the rights to use the Decca name. Referencing Decca makes the cartridge instantly recognizable to customers familiar with this unique transducer.

    The latest London cartridges have been improved with a wider choice of styli and an improved mounting plate. All the cartridges, including the styli, are handmade in London to exacting standards, with the company being particularly proud of their stylus quality and the precise ways they are made and polished. The current London cartridge line-up is distributed by Pro Audio Ltd. of Tower Lakes, Illinois and is comprised of the following models:

    Professional (DJ), $1,100
    Maroon – Spherical, $950
    Maroon DP*, $1,100
    Gold – Elliptical, $1,200
    Gold DP, $1,400
    Super Gold – Line Contact Super, $1,500
    Gold DP, $1,600
    Jubilee – Line Contact, $3,000
    Reference Low-Mass Fine Line, $5,000

    *DP = Decapod

    Any of the cartridges are available in mono or 78 RPM versions by special order. Re-tipping and servicing is available for all models as well.

    As part of this feature I was loaned a London Super Gold cartridge to review and provide an update on a modern version of this classical, historically relevant piece of audio gear. I was most interested in seeing if the mythical status of the Decca cartridge was deserved, in both its positive and negative aspects. I used it with my Technics SL-1200GR feeding a Graham Slee Accession phono preamp. The Super Gold has a strong 5 mV output so no special phono preamp is required, and it tracks at 1.8 grams. The cartridge starts sounding its best after 30 hours of break-in so if you try the cartridge be sure to give it enough time to open up.

     

    The London Decca Super Gold cartridge.

    The London “Decca” Super Gold cartridge.

     

    The legendary musicality is definitely not a myth. Whether it is the elimination of “cantilever haze,” the unique transducer itself or a combination of the two, there is something special to the sound that is different from other cartridges, analogous to the way that planar speakers are different from speakers with dynamic drivers. It made some of my $800 moving magnet and moving coil cartridges sound almost digital at times, and not good digital at that. Though the difference in price would certainly justify it in sounding so much better, as I mentioned before, there is a difference to the sound that is difficult to quantify.

    There is an immediacy and clarity to the music that has to be experienced to be appreciated, along with tonal color and roundness I have never heard from any other musical component or transducer of any kind. Listening to the soundtrack from Breakfast at Tiffany’s featuring the music of Henry Mancini, the percussion had an immediacy and clarity I have never heard on that recording. The strumming at the beginning of “Moon River” had a richness and silken tonality that made took the listening experience to a new level.

    The notion that the cartridge is intolerant of less-than-perfect vinyl also has some basis in reality. The qualities that make it so good at extracting music out of the groove make it somewhat unforgiving if your records are not well cared for. It is not unlistenable in these cases, but it seems to make imperfections come to the forefront a bit more than other fine cartridges I have used. If anything, the Decca Super Gold will encourage you to keep up your vinyl as pristine as possible. There is not much clearance between the stylus and the cartridge body so I recommend checking it frequently for dust build-up. The very fine stylus of the Super Gold managed to collect dust from records that were quiet and seemed clean, and if you have any accumulation it will degrade the sound more quickly than with other cartridges. Keep that stylus brush handy!

    Tracking was not an issue whatsoever and the 1.8-gram tracking force handled everything I threw at it. I did find the set-up to be somewhat fussy, and if you have an arm with easily-adjustable VTA it will help you get the most out of the cartridge.

    If you are looking for something to take your analog system to the next level and are willing to try something different, London Decca cartridges definitely belong on your shopping list. You will not only experience the distinctive and beautiful sound, you will also enjoy the pride that comes with owning something classic, unique and a part of audio history.

    Manufacturer’s website:
    http://londondeccaaudio.com/

    US Distributor:
    Pro Audio, Ltd.
    111 N. South Dr.
    Tower Lakes, IL 60010-1324
    847-526-1660

     

    Photos courtesy of Don Lindich.

    4 comments on “London “Decca” Cartridges: Unique Design, Timeless Quality”

    1. I use a Super Gold and DP. You really do need to run them in for a while. Yes the stylus profile is great and gives you a long life. Dust is a problem. However……..the music and the fun makes everything worthwhile. I thought it was bass light until the bass turned up. It’s very articulate. Not the romantic Lyra type sound. It made the Dynavector I was using before sound toy town. I’m very happy with mine. I use it in a Naim ARO with no side effects

      1. Great article! I’m running the London Maroon cartridge. So far I only have 9 hours on it, so it isnt burned in yet. Need 50 hours from what I was told. Know what you mean about the light bass, hoping that will get better after a full burn-in. Did you notice vocals sounded distant during burn-in too?

    2. Wow, does this take me back. I bought my first (modest) high-end system in my last semester of college, in 1978. I’d saved for some time, sold all my mid-fi component gear and all my 35mm camera equipment so I could afford it. I got a GAS Son of Ampzilla, GAS Thalia preamp, a pair of Maggie MG1s, an armless Denon, an Infinity Black Widow, and finally, a Decca Gold. Maybe not the logical choice for such a low-mass arm, but I thought it sounded great. It was a little hard to cue, since you couldn’t exactly see the stylus without getting down near the surface of the record. It served me well, and I kept it for years. I always expected the delicate cantilever tie-back thread assembly to fail, but it never did. It sure *looked* fragile, though. In that regard it was maybe the most scary looking cartridge I owned until my first bare-armature Sumiko decades later.

    3. It’s intriguing that you report no tracking problems and that suggests that these new versions have been greatly improved as they previously had the reputation of tracking like an office block.

      I tried using one (I think the Maroon) for some years with arms various and despite loving the sound quality I couldn’t stand the tracking distortion.

      I’d love to try again with my present Linn Basik arm but they’re far more expensive than they used to be.

      Back in the 60s when I first heard real Hi Fi a classic system would be Decca arm and cartridge, a Thorens D160 turntable into Quad pre amp/amp and Lowther or Quad speakers.

      The other well known phrase or saying was that the ideal cartridge would be a Decca that tracked. It appears to have been achieved but too expensively.

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