To Be Determined

    King Crimson – Red (40th Anniversary Steven Wilson Remix/Remaster)

    Issue 147

    I know, I’m pretty much late to the party with regard to the Steven Wilson remix/remasters of classic rock and prog titles, many of which have been out for a decade or longer. But having discovered my first few (mostly Yes albums) late last year and early this year, I’ve been on the hunt in an attempt to try and track down as many of his titles as I can find that really interest me. Lately that focus has been on Wilson’s 40th Anniversary reissues of prog masters King Crimson, and this issue, I’m talking about my experience with just one of them that’s near and dear to me, 1974’s landmark album, Red.



    In my article in Copper Issue 138, where I rambled on about my love for the band Yes, I mentioned that back in the day I’d recently gotten an el-cheapo car cassette player for my ’69 Volkswagen station wagon, and had started picking up $3 cassettes at the local Turtles’ Records and Tapes – which had a pretty vast selection of tapes that were only a few years old for not too much cash. I didn’t have an abundant supply of tapes at the time, but in 1976 dollars, $3 was about half what I was then paying for LP’s, so the price seemed very reasonable! My only real working knowledge of King Crimson was their seminal debut record, In The Court of the Crimson King. But when I saw a $3 cassette copy of Red on the table at Turtles, I thought the cover looked really cool, so how could I possibly go wrong? The pink molded cassette that I’d previously bought for Yes’ Close To The Edge was cool, but the cassette for Red was even pinker, which I thought was very hip.

    The off-brand car cassette player I’d picked up at the local Western Auto for $60 (rather a lot in 1976 dollars) probably only output 10 watts at 10 percent distortion. Playing into the super-low-fi stock Volkswagen speakers, it could barely output a decent level of sound without any distortion, but it was enough to let me know that I was definitely digging the sounds of Fripp, Bruford, Wetton, and company. My home system at the time was a JC Penney MCS setup (made by Panasonic) that was a customer return I’d bought for pennies on the dollar at a local JCP distribution and liquidation center. It only put out about 20 watts at 0.5 percent distortion, but at least at home, my 18-year-old self was getting a bit more of the musical picture. Hearing “Starless” for the first time was mind-blowing; it’s definitely among the greatest twelve-minute cacophonies of sound in all of progressive rock!


    King Crimson, Red, album cover.


    When King Crimson’s Red was released on October 6, 1974, Robert Fripp had already made public the news of the band’s demise in an interview in New Musical Express in England, where Fripp told the magazine that King Crimson was “over for ever and ever.” And the public’s reception to the new album was chilly, to say the least, with Red only reaching No. 45 on the British charts for one week, then unceremoniously dropping off for good. Fripp was burned out musically, and Red’s poor chart performance further fueled his disdain for the band. In a 1979 interview with Jean-Gilles Blum that appeared in Best, Fripp stated, “I decided it was time to stop…I was becoming more and more frustrated. Crimson had stopped evolving both in a commercial and musical sense. This reflected a lack of strength in the music. If our music had been incredibly good, we would undoubtedly have had a huge success. Such was not the case.”

    At the point when King Crimson convened in London’s Olympic Studios in July of 1974, the band was already breaking apart. One day prior to the beginning of the sessions, Fripp uncharacteristically took a day trip into the countryside, which he has said opened his eyes to everything he’d been missing in life. Earlier in the year, in January and February, Crimson had recorded Starless and Bible Black (which commercially was also coolly received), then immediately launched a European tour. The band followed that with an American tour, then back to Britain for rehearsals of material for the upcoming album, and straight back to America for another leg of the tour. Violinist David Cross hung around to lay down the basic tracks in the studio for “Starless,” and then split – he didn’t even hang around for the cover photo shoot, which only featured the trio of Fripp, Wetton, and Bruford. The only other track to feature David Cross, “Providence,” was a live improvisation recorded in concert a few weeks earlier and then edited for the LP (I didn’t know that until I got this set). For most of the sessions, King Crimson was indeed a trio, and only weeks after the conclusion of the recording, the group had disbanded. Fripp threw several options out to Wetton and Bruford, all of which included Fripp taking at least a year off, and all were ultimately rejected. King Crimson appeared to be over, at least this version; in actuality, the band would simply remain dormant for almost seven years.



    While Fripp’s lack of enthusiasm for Red and that particular incarnation of King Crimson was clearly evident (he has even commented that at the time, he didn’t know where the album was going musically), that wasn’t necessarily the case with everyone in the band. In Will Romano’s prog rock opus, Mountains Come Out Of The Sky, John Wetton commented about the album sessions: “Bill Bruford and myself knew exactly where it was going. We took the front seat on it, and pushed for that very up-front…in-your-face guitar [sound]. Yeah, definitely. We did that. You can hear it from the first track. This band is not f*cking about.” Bruford and Wetton were still very musically driven to continue post-Crimson, and both worked on a number of side projects over the next few years. The two of them eventually came together with Allan Holdsworth and Eddie Jobson to form what many consider to be the first prog supergroup, UK. All while Fripp’s “permanent” sabbatical from music continued through the late seventies.

    But despite Red’s initial poor sales, fans soon warmed to the album, and critics have since waxed poetically about the record, with many listing it among the very best progressive rock albums ever, and some even listing it among the best albums of the decade. Pitchfork ranked Red  No. 72 on their best albums of the Seventies list, stating that, “For a band that was very obviously about to splinter, King Crimson’s music sounds remarkably of a single mind. On Red, they achieved a remarkable balance between bone-crushing brutality and cerebral complexity.” The album’s closing track, “Starless,” is considered by many to be the finest King Crimson song of all time. The album’s influence on future generations can’t be overstated, with even Kurt Cobain listing Red as one of his primary influences while crafting Nirvana’s guitar sound.



    The Steven Wilson 40th Anniversary Remix/Remaster

    The Steven Wilson remix/remaster of Red is, in my humble opinion, nothing short of miraculous when compared to the catalog releases, which all still strike me as a touch strident. That even goes for the 30th Anniversary release, which was probably the best digital version available prior to this set. As I mentioned in the intro, I’m late to the Steven Wilson King Crimson reissues, so with rare exception, the Blu-ray sets are long gone. So, my only choice ended up being the DVD-Audio/CD version. But it essentially boils down to personal preference, and in my situation: 1) there are zero differences in sound quality between the Blu-ray and DVD-Audio versions; 2) I don’t really do surround sound, so I can’t point to any advantages between either version from that angle; 3) I can play back DVD-Audio with my Yamaha universal player, and I know that not everyone can; and, 4) I’m mostly interested in ripping the 24/96 tracks to my music server, so the actual disc medium is much less important to me.

    The CD disc contains the Wilson remix/remaster in 16/44.1 sound with three bonus tracks, which include trio band versions (without all the overdubs) of the title track “Red” and an instrumental of the album’s second track, “Fallen Angel.” It’s pretty amazing how different the track presents itself without John Wetton’s vocal performance! The CD concludes with the extended version of the track “Providence” (from the live compilation box set The Great Deceiver) which adds around two minutes to the total runtime. It also really changes the overall feel of the tune, which alternates between what I call “chamber prog” and full-out Fripp at his distorted metal best. Whereas the original fades out quietly, the full version rams back in at full bore one more time before reaching a conclusion. Hearing this was like, “where have you been all my life?” – it’s definitely a must-hear for Crimson fans. And the recording is so good, that for all these years, I had no idea it was sourced from a live recording until the fans roared out in approval at the end of the extended version! The sound of the entire CD is superlative, and it’s really great to have for listening in my car.


    For me, the DVD-Audio disc is the real gem here; it not only provides all the previously mentioned tracks in 24/96 MLP Lossless stereo sound, but adds an additional bonus track. This is a second live tune taken from The Great Deceiver box, “A Voyage to the Center of the Cosmos,” which is another astonishingly good Crimson instrumental that I was completely unfamiliar with. Both live tunes were played by the Red-era version of the band on tour just prior to entering the recording studio. David Cross’ violin work really shines here; he proves what an integral part of the band’s sound his excellent contributions were during this iteration of King Crimson. The DVD also includes MLP Lossless 5.1 tracks for everything above except the trio version of “Red.” Most of the content is also available in 24/48 PCM stereo and DTS 5.1 tracks, and there’s also some video content (all with mono soundtracks). The four videos were taken from a French television broadcast, and the video’s not superb, but definitely watchable, while the mono sound is acceptably good. It’s just really great to be able to see some footage of Fripp and the band live!

    I can only speak for the stereo content of the discs under review, but the sound quality is absolutely superb. I only paid $22 for the set, and it’s easily worth every penny. The mid-Seventies-era Crimson only recorded three albums, and that seems to have set a pattern for Fripp: his next incarnation of the band would only record three albums as well. Regardless, what amazing musical documents they all are! The 40th Anniversary remix/remaster of Red shows Steven Wilson’s craft in the studio – and King Crimson’s musical prowess – at their very best, shedding new light on this version of KC at every turn. Very highly recommended!

    Discipline Global Mobile (DGM)/Panegyric, DVD Audio/CD set

    All photos courtesy of Discipline Global Mobile and the author.

    2 comments on “King Crimson – Red (40th Anniversary Steven Wilson Remix/Remaster)”

    1. Greetings Tom:

      I quite agree regarding the magic wrought by Steven Wilson with these ancient tapes. I would very much like to listen to the 24/96 stereo layer of the DVD on my Directstream dac/DMP combination but, well, as Yogi said long ago, there is apparently no way to get there from here. This all does sound great on my Cambridge CXU on another system but it seems our lot is to always want what we cannot have. I did speak with one of the ever helpful people at PS Audio who suggested that the DMP will only play DVD-R and that if one could extract only the hi-res stereo tracks it might work. He had no idea how such a transaction might occur. In as much as you have dug into all of this extensively, I am curious if you have any notion how such a thing might be made to happen?

      All regards and with my complements on your contributions, BJ

      1. Hi, BJ,

        It’s fairly effortless to accomplish with a program called DVD Audio Extractor. You can download a 30-day, fully-functional trial version for free, and in my experience, it will allow you to re-enable the free license for another 30 days. I ended up using it so often, I caved in and bought a license, which was about $38 US. Here’s a link:

        Downloads are available for Windows, Mac, and Linux; my only experience is with the Windows version. I’ve used several of these extraction programs in the past, and most of them are clunky and not very intuitive in use. DVD Audio Extractor is very user friendly, and after using it a couple of times is pretty easy to use, especially when compared to some of the other freeware extraction programs that are out there.

        If you decide to give it a shot, one of the keys to successfully finding the high-res files on the disc is to download the metadata (there’s a button on the GUI); you’ll probably find several different choices available, and you might need to look through them to find one that closely matches the information with the particular disc — I don’t think metadata is provided my the manufacturer of any particular disc, it’s all keyed in by the person(s) who previously ripped the disc. Usually if a lot of people rip the same disc, the metadata will get updated frequently, and often is completely correct. But sometimes, that’s just not the case!

        Once you decide which files you want to rip, you’ll then select a final destination on your computer and a file format — I always chose FLAC, but other file choices are available, whatever works best in your system. You can probably load them onto a flash drive or whatever is compatible with your DMP to get 24/96 playback on the DMP.

        Good luck, and thanks for reading!


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